The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Aug 12 2023

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Aug 12 2023

  1. petty (adjective) – small, minor, trivial, unimportant, insignificant.
  2. stated (adjective) – expressed, identified, mentioned, specified (clearly).
  3. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose.
  4. move (verb) – propose, submit, put forward, request, urge (for discussion & resolution at a parliament).
  5. no-confidence motion (NCM) or motion of no confidence (noun) – the no-confidence motion means that one or more members of the national assembly (or parliament) have lost confidence in the appointed government. If the motion is accepted, then the party in power has to prove its majority in the House. The party can remain in power when it shows its strength through a floor test which is primarily taken to know whether the executive enjoys the confidence of the legislature. If they fail the floor test, the government has to resign.
  6. motion (noun) – it is a proposal made by a member to the House that the House do something or order something to be done or express an opinion.
  7. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  8. reconciliation (noun) – restoration of friendly relations, restoration of harmony, agreement, compromise, understanding, peace, an end to hostilities; conciliation, pacification, appeasement.
  9. strife-torn (adjective) – divided by conflict or disharmony.
  10. edge (noun) – severity, pointedness.
  11. walk out (phrasal verb) – leave, depart suddenly.
  12. exposition (noun) – explanation, description, elucidation, interpretation.
  13. conflict (noun) – clash, fight, tussle, quarrel, dispute, confrontation, skirmish, hostilities.
  14. unambiguous (adjective) – clear, crystal clear, explicit, categorical, unequivocal, outright, certain, decisive.
  15. defence (noun) – protection, shielding, safeguarding.
  16. influx (noun) – the arrival of a large number of people simultaneously.
  17. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  18. aggravate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, worsen, compound.
  19. age-old (adjective) – traditional, long-established, long-standing, historic.
  20. rivalry (noun) – competition, opposition, conflict, discord, friction, enmity.
  21. Meitei/Manipuri people (noun) – an ethnic group native to the state of Manipur in northeastern India. Valley-dwellers & non-tribals Meitei/Manipuri comminity is the largest & dominant community in Manipur, account for about 53% of the State’s total population of 2.85 million (2011 census). 
  22. Kuki-Zomi community (noun) –The Kuki (hill tribes) people are an ethnic group native to the state of Manipur and other states in northeastern India. The “Mizo” (poetic version of “Zomi”), people are a ethnic group native to the Indian state of Mizoram and neighbouring regions of Northeast India.
  23. underscore (verb) – emphasise, underline, highlight, stress, call/draw attention to.
  24. heightened (adjective) – intensified, increased, aggravated, worsened, compounded.
  25. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  26. contain (verb) – restrain, limit, rein in, curb.
  27. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  28. dismissal (noun) – removal, ouster, unseating, unseating, ousting.
  29. imposition (noun) – application, enforcement, implementation, introduction.  
  30. warring (adjective) – opposing, conflicting, clashing, fighting.
  31. dialogue (noun) – talks, discussion, discourse, debate, negotiation, deliberation .
  32. follow up (phrasal verb) – investigate, look into, dig into, inquire about, pursue, ask questions about, find out about. 
  33. shot (noun) – attempt, try, effort, chance, opportunity, endeavour.
  34. at peace (phrase) in a state of harmony/friendliness.
  35. stain (verb) – damage, injure, harm, tarnish, taint.
  36. bloodshed (noun) – killing, carnage, massacre.
  37. stifle (verb) – constrain, restrain, prevent, hamper, impede.
  38. bad blood (noun) – disharmony, disunity, strife, dispute, dissent, argument.
  39. lack (verb) – be without, be in need of, be short of, require, need.
  40. wisdom (noun) – understanding, insight, perception, discernment, foresight, rationale, rationality.
  41. wit (noun) – intelligence, shrewdness, astuteness, cleverness, good sense, understanding.
  42. rancour (noun) – enmity, bitterness, hostility, resentment, ill will.
  43. diatribe (noun) – a bitter verbal attack; a tirade, verbal onslaught, rant.
  44. score (verb) – get, gain, attain, make, achieve.
  45. vision (noun) – perception, foresight, far-sightedness, discernment, insight.
  46. claim (verb) – assert, profess, state, affirm, avow, insist.
  47. shine through (phrasal verb) – (of good quality) be visible, be evident, be noticeable.
  48. at all (phrase) in any way; to any extent.
  49. weaponise (verb) – use as a weapon.
  50. norm (noun) – standard, convention, regulation.
  51. mute (verb) – silence, stifle, muffle, restrain, quieten, suppress.
  52. railroad (verb) – force someone into doing something or pressurize something to happen hurriedly & wrongfully; coerce, force, compel, pressure, pressurize.
  53. legislative (adjective) – relating to a legislature; law-making (body), parliamentary, policy-making, administrative.
  54. business (noun) – activity, work, operation. 
  55. Privileges Committee (noun) – committee of privileges collectively and members of each House individually enjoy certain rights, privileges and immunities without which they cannot perform their functions efficiently and effectively. The object of parliamentary privilege is to safeguard the freedom, the authority and the dignity of Parliament.
  56. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported, reported, ostensible.
  57. unruly (adjective) – unrestrained, uncontrollable, undisciplined, troublemaking, disobedient; lawless, disordered, disorganized.
  58. keep away (phrasal verb) – to make someone stay away from something; to prevent someone from going somewhere.
  59. indefinite (adjective) – indeterminate, unlimited, undefined, infinite, endless.
  60. resemble (verb) – look like, be similar to, be like.
  61. irreconcilable (adjective) – uncompromisinginflexible, unrelenting, hard-line; completely different, directly opposed, incompatible, at opposite extremes/poles.
  62. imitate (verb) – mimic, mock, simulate, emulate.
  63. dissent (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, opposition.
  64. intrinsic (adjective) – natural, inborn, innate, instinctive, inherent, built-in, ingrained, deep-rooted.
  65. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  66. empty (adjective) – meaningless, useless, pointless, futile, worthless, valueless, unimportant.
  67. rhetoric (noun) – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  68. stubborn (adjective) – adamant, uncompromising, single-minded, hell-bent, determined, resolute, steadfast, inflexible.
  69. indifference (noun) – carelessness, disregard, inattention, neglect, inactivity, passivity, apathy, negligence.

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